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almandine garnet - common but not tawdry

almandine garnet on matrix

pearl, red garnet, & almandine garnet earrings

compositiona member of the garnet family, an iron aluminum silicate
name sourcefrom an ancient gem cutting center in Asia Minor, the city of Alabanda (Republic of Turkey)
other accepted namesalmandite, Adelaide ruby, Oriental garnet, Indian garnet
historical aliasesalabandicus (Pliny), arnata
color red to purplish red to black red
color sourceiridescence / sheen is from the presence of mica
significant sourcesIndia (Jaipur area), Russia (Urals), US (Wrangell, Alaska; Connecticut, Idaho)
MOH scale7.5
care and treatmentAlways use a dry soft cloth to clean. As with all gemstones, care should be taken to protect it from scratches, sharp blows, harsh chemicals and extreme temperatures.